Q: How do I sell my rental property to the limited liability company (LLC) that I have set up?
A: I’m not sure why you would want to sell your own property to a limited liability company which you own and control. Do you perhaps want to simply transfer the titleTitle refers to the ownershipOwnership is the absolute right to use, enjoy, and dispose of property. You own it! of a particular piece of property. to the LLC?
If you are talking about a true “sale” of the LLC, you would need to draft a contract for the sale of the real estateReal Estate is land and anything permanently attached to it, such as buildings and improvements. from you to the LLC. The contract would provide for the normal issues relating to title, survey and other matters relating to the sale of real estate.
At settlement, or closing, you would have documents transferring title from you to your LLC. You would file all of the normal documents relating to the sale of real estate with your state, county and local municipality. In addition, you would also have all the fees associated with the sale of a piece of property along with all the fees associated with the purchase of a piece of property.
In some jurisdictions, the transfer of title would trigger a reevaluation of the property for real estate tax purposes.
If your purpose in transferring the property is legitimate and you treat the transaction as is you were selling it to a third party at an arm’s length, you should be fine with the documentation and with the taxing authorities.
However, if you have a different motive, you could have problems with your transfer. If you value the property too low for real estate taxation issues, the taxing authorities could assess the property at a higher level and, in some cases, may have a claim against you for fraud. Some municipalities and other governmental bodies require that a sales price reflect a true market sales price or you have to disclose that the sale wasn’t undertaken under true market conditions.
Now if you are merely trying to transfer ownership of the property from your name to an LLC you have created to hold your real estate, you can do it less formally. You may only need to draft the documents that would convey title from your name to the name of the limited liability company. You may decide to use a quit claim deedA Quit Claim Deed is a deed that operates to release any interestInterest is money charged for the use of borrowed funds. Usually expressed as an interest rate, it is the percentage of the total loan charged annually for the use of the funds. in a property that a person may have, without a representation that he or she actually has a right in that property. For example, Sally may use a quit claim deed to grant Bill her interest in the White House, in Washington, DC, although she may not actually own, or have any rights to, that particular house. or a warranty deed. In some jurisdictions, quit claim deeds can cause a headache down the line, though in other places, quit claim deeds are a perfectly fine choice.
You should talk to an accountant about the transfer of the property into the LLC. You don’t want to have a situation where you transfer the property to the LLC but for federal income tax purposes, the transfer is considered a sale of the property and is taxable to you. You need to make sure that the transfer will not trigger any federal income tax issues.
If you transfer the property from your name to the LLC and you are the sole owner of the LLC and elect to be treated as a corporation for income tax purposes, the transfer should be ignored for federal income tax purposes. It would be as if you and the LLC were the same for federal income tax purposes.
For more Limited Liability Company Articles and how to hold title to investment properties read on](http://www.thinkglink.com/llc).
Forming LLC For Investment Properties
LLC vs Corporation: Is An LLC Better For Real Estate Investing
Quit Claim Deeds For LLC
Transferring Rental Property To LLC
Creating an LLC for A Rental Property
Understanding LLCs For Rental Properties