Neighbor’s House Fire Damaged My House.  Is our Neighbor Liable for the Damage?

Q: We live in a townhouse. The unit attached to ours had a major fire. The fire also caused considerable damage to our home. We have been in temporary housing for the last 17 months waiting for our home to be restored. And have depleted our insurance allotment through our insurance company. We recently heard that our neighbor’s bank foreclosed on the house that caused the fire. Can we put a lien on that home for our out of pocket expenses after our coverage reached its limit?

A: First, we’re so sorry this happened to you. This is one of those curve balls life sometimes throws that can really upend your life. The silver lining, of course, is that you seem to have no ongoing health issues related to the fire. 

We assume that you and your neighbor owned your respective townhome units outright and you are not part of a homeowner’s association. So, you carry insurance on your home and your neighbor has insurance to cover damage or loss to the property. In some homeowner’s associations, the association carries insurance that covers damage or loss of the buildings and the owners only need insurance coverage for the interior of the homes and the home’s contents.)

Homeowners Insurance for Fire Damage

The main reason to buy homeowners insurance is to protect you from catastrophic events. Which is what this fire was. You’ve been out of your home for 17 months and your insurance covered your expenses for living out of your home after a casualty for up to 12 months. Now that the 12 months are up, any additional housing expenses you incur are on your dime.

If you carry sufficient insurance coverage, your policy should cover the rebuilding, repairing and restoring of your home. We suspect that your insurance company is doing this as you didn’t mention any problems with how much money your insurance company is providing for the restoration. It seems the only issue you’re having is with the length of time it’s taking you to rebuild post-fire.

Neighbors Liability with Fire Damaged to our Home

As for your neighbor, you may well have a claim against them for the fire that started in their home. Did your neighbor carry sufficient homeowner’s insurance? Possibly not, since it appears they’ve decided to move on and let their lender foreclose. 

If your neighbor didn’t have insurance, or carry a big enough policy.  Then getting money from your neighbor or their insurance carrier could be an uphill battle. It’s possible your neighbor had some coverage, just not enough to cover the repairs needed on his property. It’s also possible they also carried an umbrella liability policy that could cover not only the repairs to your property but also your losses due to the fire. 

Your insurance carrier may have already thought of this and has filed a claim against the neighbor’s insurance to cover the cost of the repairs and out of pocket expenses on your townhome. 

Talk to a Professional to get Advice

That doesn’t mean it isn’t worth exploring. Talk with a litigation attorney who has expertise in insurance claims about what options you have and whether it’s worth doing some sleuthing first to make sure you have a good chance of getting something from the neighbor or their insurance carrier. 

Why do we say this? Let’s assume your neighbor’s liability limit on their insurance policy is $300,000, and the insurance company paid out that much to the neighbor and their lender (since there was a mortgage on the property). We doubt you’ll get any money by going after the neighbor in that situation. 

But if the neighbor has a million dollar limit on their policy, and only used up $300,000, you have a chance to get reimbursed and get your attorney’s costs covered as well.


Read more about neighbor problems and issues:

How to Buy Your Neighbor’s House

Neighbor’s Tree Fell on My House – Who Pays for Damages?

Easement Agreements And Neighbor Relations

How to Pick a New Neighborhood