Closing costs are the bane of a seller’s existence. They are seemingly endless, pesky in nature and can add up to a whole lot of cash. And each year, there seems to be more and more closing costs added to a seller’s closing statement. (In some parts of the country, the closing statement is referred to as the HUD-1, while in others it’s called the settlement statementA Settlement Statement is a statement that details the monies paid out and received by the buyer and seller at closing. or closing statement. But the net effect is the same, the seller end up with less money after paying all of the seller closing costs.)
And that cash can really cut into the profit a seller is expecting to pocket from the sale of his or her home.
A buyer’s closing costs might typically range from 2 to 7 percent of the sales price, or $2,000 to $7,000 on the purchase of a home.
But a seller’s closing costs often go way beyond that, simply because most sellers use a full-service agentAn Agent is an individual who acts on behalf of a consumer. A real estate agent represents a buyer or a seller in the purchase or sale of a home. Licensed by the state, a real estate agent must work for a broker or a brokerage firm. An insurance agent helps a consumer purchase an insurance policy. Insurance agents are also licensed by the state. to sell their home, which can add an additional 4 to 7 percent to the closing costs.
Whether you’re a buyer or a seller, your list of closing costs can add up to 20 items, or more.
If you have come across a closing costs not listed below, please leave a comment on the cost and where and how you experienced it. In some cases, some companies will reduce their costs if you ask them. If you succeed in getting a cost reduced, tell us about it.
Here’s what you can expect to pay as a home seller:
- Broker’s commission. If you’re using a full-service brokerage firm, expect to pay anywhere from 4 to 7 percent of the sales price. If you’re using a discountNewly-issued bonds are typically sold at some sort of Discount. So a bond that has a face value of ,000 and sells for 5 has a discount. When interestInterest is money charged for the use of borrowed funds. Usually expressed as an interest rate, it is the percentage of the total loan charged annually for the use of the funds. rates rise, bonds are discounted more because you need a less expensive bond to achieve the same interest rate. broker, or if you’ve sold by-owner, your cost may range from a few hundred dollars to 3 percent of the sales price.
- Cost of the survey. Sellers in some states are responsible for giving the prospective buyer a plat of survey of the property. The price for a plat of survey can range from $150 to $600.
- Recorded release of mortgageA Mortgage is a document granting a lien on a home in exchange for financing granted by a lender. The mortgage is the means by which the lender secures the loan and has the ability to foreclose on the home.. Verifies that your mortgage has been completely paid off by the sale proceeds, usually $20 to $150.
- Courier fee to pay off loanA Loan is an amount of money that is lent to a borrower, who agrees to repay it plus interest.. Typically runs $10 to $50 or more.
- TitleTitle refers to the ownershipOwnership is the absolute right to use, enjoy, and dispose of property. You own it! of a particular piece of property. insuranceTitle Insurance is insurance that protects the lenderA Lender is a person, company, corporation, or entity that lends money for the purchase of real estate. and the property owner against losses arising from undisclosed defects or problems with the title to property.. In some states the seller must provide a policy of title insurance for the buyer. The cost of the policy depends on the sales price of the home and its cost can vary from a couple hundred dollars to several thousand dollars. Some title companies have added additional charged to the basis title charge. These fees go by the name of “update fees,” “policy issuance fee” and the like. Some fees are as low as a couple of dollars and others up to $100.
- Local city, town or village property transfer tax; county transfer tax, state transfer tax, state capital gains tax. The tax man cometh, and it could cost you, although the charges vary from municipality to municipality. In Illinois, the seller picks up the county tax ($.50 per $1,000 of sales price) and the state tax ($1 per $1,000 of sales price, and in some local municipalities, the seller also pays for a local transfer tax. In general, property transfer taxes can range from nothing to $10 per $1,000 of the sales price or more, or you may be assessed a flat fee. In some places, you have to pay a tax on the capital gains generated by the sale of your home.
- Credit to the buyer of unpaid real estateReal Estate is land and anything permanently attached to it, such as buildings and improvements. taxes. Depending on how and when property taxes are billed in your state, it’s possible that you will have to credit the buyer for real estate taxes that were for the time period you owned the home but will be billed after the closing date of the sale of your home.
- Attorney’s fees. If you choose to use an attorney, you’ll either pay a flat fee starting around $350 or by the hour.
- FHA fees and costs. All FHA fees used to be the responsibility of the seller, but they are now negotiable. But if the buyer can’t pay the fees, and the seller refuses to kick in a few bucks, the lender may not fund the loan.
- Condo/co-op move-out fee. A building charge that can range from nothing to more than $400. Some cooperative buildings can charge a percentage of the sales price to permit the sale of the coop. In some instances these fees can be as much as three percent of the sales price.
- Association transfer fees. Often required for condominium and townhouse buyers. Sellers usually are stuck with some of these fees as well. Some of the fees are for processing the sales papers, move-out deposits, preparation of closing documents and even inspection fees. (These fees can range from a low of $25 to as high as $500 or more.)
- Paid utility bills. In many areas, local municipal officials will not let you close until you have proven that you are current on your utility bills. The charge for each copy of a paid utility bill, including water, sewer, garbage or electricity is $10 to $50. In some cases, companies can assist a seller in obtaining the proper documentation for the sale and can charge up to $150 to assist in obtaining the documents from the local governmental offices.
- Certificate of compliance with building and zoningZoning is the right of the local municipal government to decide how different areas of the municipality will be used. Zoning ordinances are the laws that govern the use of the land. codes. Your local municipality may charge for inspecting your home prior to the sale to insure that it meets up to date requirements. Such inspections can cost a nominal amount or run more than several hundred dollars plus the cost of fixing any items that are non-compliant. In addition, some municipalities charge a fee to verify the number of dwelling units permitted at a home being sold. The cost of such certificate can be nominal, but it may be a hassle to obtain the certificate. (Some municipalities won’t charge for a certificate of compliance while others charge from $25 to $200 or more. But the bigger issue is when they find something wrong and then require you to fix it before they will allow you to sell the home.)
- Home inspectionA Home Inspection is the service a professional home inspector performs when he or she is hired to scrutinize the home for any possible structural defects. May also be done in order to check for the presence of toxic substances, such as leaded paint or water, asbestos, radon, or pests, including termites. fees. In some areas, local custom dictates that the seller pay for pest, radon and other inspections, which can range from $25 to $500 each. If there are problems with the home, you may have to fix the problems at a substantial cost. (While some home inspectors will bundle all of the services together and the buyer usually has to pay for the home inspection, other home inspectors will charge a basic fee of a couple of hundred dollars and then you can add on the cost of a pest, radon and other inspections.) Many home inspectors will charge based on the sales price for the home, while other home inspectors charge depending on the size and type of home. If you are a seller, you may find that using the services of one company to perform any home inspection needs you have to sell the home may be cheaper than hiring various companies to perform the various inspections required by your sales contractA Sales Contract is the document by which a buyer contracts to purchase property. Also known as the purchase contract or a Contract to Purchase..
- Home warrantyA Home Warranty is a service contract that covers appliances (with exclusions) in working condition in the home for a certain period of time, usually one year. Home owners are responsible for a per-call service fee. There is a home owner's warranty for new construction. Some developers will purchase a warranty from a company specializing in new construction for the homes they sell. A home owner's warranty will warrant the good working order of the appliances and workmanship of a new home for between one and ten years; for example, appliances might be covered for one year while the roof may be covered for several years.. In California, most existing homes are sold with a home warranty, which guarantees to the buyer that all of the mechanical and electrical appliances are working on the day of closing and are guaranteed to work for the first year of ownership. The cost for a home warranty starts around $350-$600 and can increase as additional option items are added and the size and type of the home. While your home may not be located in California, home warranties are becoming more popular in other states as well, so don’t be surprised if your buyer requests that you pay for one.
- Association reserves. In some areas, the reserves held by condominium or homeowner association are credited to the seller on the basis of the seller’s percentage of ownership in the association. Fortunately, for the seller, this is one of the few instances of money coming back to the seller rather than a payment by the seller.
- Special assessments to associations. In many associations, if a special assessmentA Special Assessment is an additional charge levied by a condo or co-op board in order to pay for capital improvements, or other unforeseen expenses. has been levied, even if it can be paid over many years, the association will require that the assessment be paid in full at the closing.
- Other credits to the buyer. In some cases, sellers give credits to the buyer for things that don’t work, or don’t look nice, in their home. For example, if the buyer’s inspector finds something wrong in the house, you may negotiate a credit to the buyer that will be paid at the closing. The cost of this will vary.
- Unpaid mortgage or home equityYour share of ownership in a company. Stockholders are often referred to as equity investors, because they invest in the equity of a company. loan or line of credit. At closing, the seller must pay off any mortgage and home equity line of credits (HELOC) that are relating to the home being sold. The seller must remember that the prior months’ statement for the mortgage or HELOC will not include the interest that is owed on the loan from the last payment date. Almost all mortgages are paid in arrears: you pay last month’s interest in the current month. Therefore, if you made your most recent mortgage payments, you will still owe interest for the current month until the loan is paid off.
- Upside down loans. Although it seems unbelievable that anyone could be upside down on his or her mortgage (that is, owe more on the mortgage than the house is worth), many sellers each year will find themselves in this position. If you do manage to find a buyer, and the amount being paid for the home will not entirely pay off your mortgage, home equity loan or line of credit, you’ll have to come to the table with cash in hand. If the lender “forgives” your loan, the IRS may see that as income to you, and you’ll be taxed on the phantom income as if you actually earned it, at your marginal tax rate. Talk to your tax preparer for more details.
It’s important to keep a list of your closing costs, as well as a copy of all your purchase and sales documents, so that you can accurately figure out your home’s cost basis. For more details, check out IRS Publication 523, “Selling Your Home.”
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